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Dermatology Online Journal

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Basal cell carcinoma in situ of the skin revisited: case reports of the superficial type and fibroepithelioma type of this in situ cutaneous neoplasm


Cutaneous basal cell carcinoma in situ is a recently proposed subtype of this skin cancer. It is characterized by either restriction of the tumor cells within the epidermis or the presence of tumor cells contiguous with the overlying epidermis that extend into the underlying dermis, or both. Importantly, cancer invasion-demonstrated by non-contiguous aggregates of basaloid tumor cells in the dermis-is not a feature of in situ basal cell carcinoma of the skin. A 63-year-old woman with cutaneous basal cell carcinoma in situ-superficial type that presented as an erythematous scaly plaque on her abdomen and a 61-year-old man with a cutaneous basal cell carcinoma in situ-fibroepithelioma type that presented as a flesh-colored smooth exophytic nodule on his back are reported. The characteristics of in situ basal cell carcinoma of the skin in these individuals are summarized. In conclusion, similar to other cutaneous malignant neoplasms-such as squamous cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, and Merkel cell carcinoma-basal cell carcinoma of the skin can also present as an in situ cancer.

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