Physical symptoms and psychosocial problems associated with hidradenitis suppurativa: correlation with Hurley stage
- Author(s): McKenzie, Shanice A;
- Harview, Christina L;
- Truong, Allison K;
- Grogan, Tristan R;
- Shi, Vivian Y;
- Bennett, Richard G;
- Hsiao, Jennifer L
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.5070/D3269050156
Background: Quality of life (QOL) in hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) patients is negatively impacted by physical and psychosocial problems. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and severity of HS-specific symptoms and to correlate these with disease severity. Methods We analyzed medical record data from 145 patients seen in an academic HS specialty clinic between August 2009 to March 2018. Results Hurley stage III patients had significantly higher mean Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) scores (20.2) compared to patients with Hurley stage I (11.3) and II (13.9), (P<0.001 and P=0.001, respectively). More than 75% of patients reported physical symptoms of drainage, irritation, pain, itching, bleeding, and odor. There were associated psychosocial problems of embarrassment and self-consciousness. Symptom severity was most strongly correlated with disease severity for odor (correlation coefficient 0.4, P<0.001), difficulty moving arms (0.323, P<0.001), negative impact on job/school (0.303, P<0.001), and negative impact on relationships (0.298, P<0.001). Conclusion Our results highlight the significant burden of HS and the need for a more comprehensive, HS-specific evaluation tool to better assess the QOL of this patient population. Limitations A small cohort in a single academic center.