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Dermatology Online Journal

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A widespread blistering eruption: diffuse cutaneous mastocytosis


Diffuse cutaneous mastocytosis with bullous formation is a rare childhood disease. We report a 5-month-old male who presented with a 3-week history of cutaneous bullae and pruritus. On examination, he had erythema of the cheeks bilaterally and diffuse slightly hyperpigmented, indurated skin on his trunk and abdomen. There were tense vesicles, bullae, and erosions linearly arranged on his trunk and extremities. Both the laboratory and imaging workup were normal. Subsequently, a punch biopsy of a vesicle on the abdomen was obtained and findings confirmed a diagnosis of diffuse cutaneous mastocytosis. An EpiPen(r) was prescribed due to the slightly increased anaphylaxis risk compared to other forms of mastocytosis. There are many purported triggers of diffuse cutaneous mastocytosis and there is currently no known cure which makes management of this disease challenging. This case highlights a rare condition for which official treatment guidelines do not exist. A prompt dermatologic diagnosis is necessary to ensure proper workup and regulation is in place.

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