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Genitogluteal porokeratosis in an HIV-positive man: a case report and review of the literature on genital porokeratosis


Genitogluteal porokeratosis is a disorder of keratinization that may present in men in their fourth decade of life. We describe a 52-year-old human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive man with history of anal squamous cell carcinoma who developed verrucous lesions on the buttocks and genitals. The buttock lesions presented shortly after radiotherapy for anal carcinoma a decade prior, whereas the genital lesions presented three months prior in areas treated with injectable medication for erectile dysfunction. Skin biopsy revealed a cornoid lamella, leading to the diagnosis of genitogluteal porokeratosis. The buttock lesions were treated with shave excision and the genital lesions were treated with topical agents. Using the PubMed database, a literature search was performed with combinations of the following key words: acuminata, condyloma, cornoid lamella, genital, genitogluteal, HIV, penile, porokeratosis, verrucous, vulvar. The generated papers and their references were reviewed. To the best of our knowledge, we present the first reported case of genitogluteal porokeratosis in an HIV-positive man. Notably, these lesions developed in sites of prior radiation or injection. This condition should be included in the differential diagnosis of chronic lesions of the genitals and buttocks in patients with HIV and/or history of radiation treatment and/or trauma to the genitogluteal region.

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