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Dermatology Online Journal

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Squamoid eccrine ductal carcinoma: clinical, histological and immunohistochemical features


Squamoid eccrine ductal carcinoma (SEDC) is a cutaneous adnexal malignancy that is histologically challenging to distinguish from squamous cell carcinoma. We report three cases of this rare entity and review the present literature regarding clinical, histological, and immunohistochemical features. Patients presented with a single nodule or plaque lesion on their back and temple. The shave biopsies for Patient A and C were interpreted as SEDC. Patient B's initial shave biopsy was interpreted as probable surface of squamous cell carcinoma, and subsequent excision revealed SEDC. Ductal differentiation was confirmed by positive expression of epithelial membrane antigen and carcinoembryonic antigen immunostains in all three patients. Review of the 67 previously reported cases emphasizes the importance of diagnosing SEDC accurately and promptly given its potential for distant metastasis and mortality. Perineural or lymphatic invasion is associated with higher rate of recurrence or metastasis. There should be high pathologic suspicion for SEDC in an elderly patient presenting with a palpable lesion, even if located outside of the head and neck area, particularly when there is suggestion of ductal differentiation in a sample of a squamous neoplasm.

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