Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

Dermatology Online Journal

Dermatology Online Journal bannerUC Davis

Gram-negative infections in patients with folliculitis decalvans: a subset of patients requiring alternative treatment


Background Folliculitis decalvans is a neutrophilic cicatricial alopecia whose etiology remains unknown. It is frequently associated with staphylococcal infections. We aimed to determine the rate of gram-negative infections in patients with folliculitis decalvans. Methods A retrospective chart review was performed of patients with biopsy-proven folliculitis decalvans seen at a tertiary hair referral center. The results of bacterial cultures were evaluated. Subjects were determined to have no infection, gram-positive infections, gram-negative infections, or mixed infections. Results Thirty-nine subjects were included in the study. Ninety-three cultures were performed. The majority of cultures were positive for staphylococci. Eleven patients (28%) had gram-negative infections of the scalp. Gram-negative infections comprised one-third of all cultures (33%). Conclusion We present the largest cohort of folliculitis decalvans patients with gram-negative infections, suggesting the need for routine bacterial cultures in patients who are not responsive to standard anti-staphylococcal antibiotics. Awareness of the incidence of these infections may lead to better therapeutic outcomes.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View