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Dermatology Online Journal

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Multiple flat-topped scaly violaceous papules


Epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is an autosomal recessive genodermatosis characterized by susceptibility to beta-genus human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Owing to TMC6/EVER1 and TMC8/EVER2 mutations that lead to abnormal transmembrane channels in the endoplasmic reticulum involved in immunological pathways, keratinocytes cannot combat infection from non-pathogenic HPV strains. Mutations involving RHOH, MST-1, CORO1A, and IL-7 have also been associated with EV in patients without TMC6 or TMC8 mutations. We highlight a 27-year-old man with multiple violaceous flat-topped papules with scale and irregular borders distributed on his chest, extremities, abdomen, and back. The striking physical examination and the subsequent biopsy findings of enlarged nests of cells in the granular and spinous layers with blue-gray cytoplasm and keratohyaline granules confirmed the diagnosis. We conclude with a brief discussion on the differential diagnosis, which includes confluent and reticulated papillomatosis, Darier disease, and disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis.

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