Sickle cell crisis presenting as livedo racemosa
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.5070/D329461903
Sickle cell disease is a monogenic hemoglobinopathy that results in the abnormal production of hemoglobin S, which yields the characteristic sickle-shaped red blood cells. Sickle cell vaso-occlusive crisis is a painful complication of sickle cell disease caused by red blood cell entrapment within the microcirculation. The resulting tissue ischemia triggers a secondary inflammatory process involved in the pathogenesis of varying inflammatory skin conditions. Chronic leg ulcers are the most common skin presentation in sickle cell disease. A 58-year-old woman with sickle cell disease presented with systemic edematous plaques with the most notable involvement of her bilateral legs, which exhibited reticulated purpuric patches with central pallor. We report a case highlighting an unusual presentation of livedo racemosa as the presenting sign in a patient with sickle cell disease in vaso-occlusive crisis.